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||EnneagramThe Origin Of The Enneagram Is A Bit Mysterious (and Still The Subject
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EnneagramThe origin of the Enneagram is a bit mysterious (and still the subject of substantial debate). The Enneagram derived from a group called the Sufis, who are a mystical offshoot of Muslims that follow various pagan spiritualities. A Greek man named Georges Gurdjieff, was interested in the meaning of life and traveled around North Africa and Asia learning various spiritual traditions. Allegedly, one of these was called “The Work” which supposedly had been passed down from pupil to teacher for thousands of years. The Work made such an impression on Gurdjieff that he made it his life mission to teach it to the western world. The evolution of “The Work” into the Enneagram of today is attributed to a Chilean named Oscar Ichazo who in the 1960s developed a theory of nine personality types corresponding to the nine points of the Enneagram. Ichazo taught his system to a Chilean psychologist named Cladio Naranjo. Naranjo reframed the Enneagram into the language of modern western psychology and taught his system (called the Enneagram of Fixations) in America during the 1970s. In the 1980s, Naranjo's Enneagram of Fixations was popularized as a psychological profiling system by authors Helen Palmer and Don Richard Riso. Today, the Enneagram is widely used, in this form, in clinical psychology and corporate America and is also very popular among Jesuit and Catholic priests.
1. The Reformer is principled, purposeful, self-controlled, and perfectionistic
2. The Helper is generous, demonstrative, people pleasing, and possessive
4. The Achiever is adaptable, ambitious, image-conscious, and arrogant
5. The Individualist is expressive, romantic, withholding, and temperamental
6. The investigator is innovative, cerebral, detached, and provocative.
6 The Loyalist is reliable, committed, defensive, and suspicious
7.The Enthusiast is spontaneous, versatile, distractible, and excessive
8. The Challenger is self-confident, decisive, dominating, and confrontational
9. The Peacemaker is reassuring, agreeable, disengaged, and stubborn
Once you locate yourself on the Enneagram and gain some insight about your basic type, the next task is to look at how you are influenced by your neighbors on the circle. There are no pure types. Everyone has a little of another personality trait also known as wings. This is good news. It frees us to look at the complexity of our lives and truly gets us "out of the box." All of us are a combination of types even though we live from one primary orientation.
Any type on the Enneagram has two neighbors, which are the numbers on either side of it. In Enneagram language these neighbors are referred to as wings. Your neighbors or wings have an influence on your personality type. Each person is a certain primary type that is flavored by one or both neighbors.
An arrow moves away from one type and leads to another. Think of this "away" arrow as representing the easy, natural, downhill course of action. It is the natural thing to do and occ...
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