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ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
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ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH
An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations
for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark '
to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark.
Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language.
Some examples of common English abbreviations are "don't" for "do not", "shouldn't" for "should not", "etc." for "et cetera".
Some new abbreviations have been created by scientists, by workers in companies and governments, and by people using the Internet.
Here are a few examples: The word "radar" is an abbreviation for "Radio Detection and Ranging".
The name of the large computer company IBM comes from the words "International Business Machines".
The name of the part of the United States government that sends rockets into outer space is
NASA, from the words "National Aeronautics and Space Administration".
When people using the Internet think that something is very funny, they sometimes write "LOL" to mean
"Laughing Out Loud". People sometimes write "ASAP" for "As Soon As Possible".
Common Latin Abbreviations
Abbreviation Latin English usage
ca. circa approximately
cf. confer compare
e.g. exempli gratia for example
et al. et alii and the others
etc. et cetera and so on
ibid. ibidem in the same place as the previous reference
i.e. id est that is
N.B. Nota Bene note well
P.S. post scriptum an addition to the main text
viz. videlicet namely
A.M. ante meridiem before noon
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
ICI Imperial Chemical Industries
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
RSPCA Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
TUC Trades Union Congress
USA United States of America
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
ELT - English Language Teaching
ESL - English as a Second Language
EFL - English as a Foreign Language
AAAL - American Assocation for Applied Linguistics
ACTFL - American Council on the teaching of Foreign Languages
AE - American English
BAAL - British Assocation of Applied Linguistics
BC - British Council
GMAT - Graduate Management Admission Test. The GMAT measures general verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills.
GPA - Grade Point Average
GRE - Graduate Record Examination - an evaluation test for graduate admission to colleges and universities in the U.S.
SAE - Standard American English
SAT - Scholastic Assessment (Aptitude) Test - pre-university entrance exam in the USA
TEFL - Teaching English as a Foreign Language
TEFLA - Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Adults
TEIL - Teaching English as an International Language
TESL - Teaching English as a Second Language
TESOL - Teaching English to Speakers of Other Langauges
TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language - the most common English proficiency exam for
North American universities and colleges, also accepted by some British universities and employers as proof of English proficiency.
The Oxford English Dictionary: List of Abbreviations
a. (in Etym.)
adoption of, adopted from
a (as a 1850)
ante, 'before', 'not later than'
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