|Term Paper Title
||The Industrial Heartland
|# of Words
|# of Pages (250 words per page double spaced)
The Industrial Heartland
There are basically seven factors that must be met before an industry
can start to take place in a particular area. Those seven factors are: raw
materials, transportation, energy, markets, labour, capital, and government.
The Industrial Heartland is almost like one big industry, connected in a vast
megalopolis. I'll be taking a closer look at these factors and the way this
area meets the locational factors.
The Industrial Heartland is an area that includes: Quebec, Ontario,
Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Connecticut, Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New
York, Maryland, Washington DC, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Delaware, New
Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
Raw Materials(ex. iron ore, coal, limestone etc.) is an unprocessed
material used as the base for primary industry. The Industrial Heartland has
many different mining sites throughout it. (ex-the nickel mine in Ontario,
mines in Pittsburgh, Gary, Baltimore, Hamilton, Sault Ste. Marie....etc.)
Transportation is extremely important in this area. Most mines and
mills are located by waterways to make transportation readily available for it's
transport's. Coal, limestone, and many other kinds of mines use the Great
Lakes to transport, which happens to be in the middle of the Industrial
Heartland. They usually have tons of material to move so water transportation
can carry lots of material, it's cheap, but it's also slow. Another important
route in this region is the St. Lawrence Seaway, which was an significant
factor in the decision of industries to locate in this region. Other main
waterways in this region are: Ohio River, Mississippi River, New York State
Barge Canal System, New York Harbour, Philadelphia Harbour, and Baltimore
There is also Railway to consider for transportation. They can almost
go anywhere in this region, but they are more expensive than Waterway transport,
and not as adaptable as trucks.
Truck hauling is considered the best for most of the transport. Though
the cost of fuel has increased over the years, trucks are still the main
carrier of cargo.
Energy, is one of the most, if not the most important factor for
industries. Every industry needs power, energy. Some sources of energy are:
Hydroelectricity, Thermal electric, natural gas, and coal.
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